English Key Notes: 10th Class Chapter 06

Question 01. What are the things that thrive despite the ravages of war?  

Answer: According to the poem Lilacs, Tulip, Daisy, Pansies, and gardens are the things that thrive despite the ravages of war. Although the war has taken the beauty of everyday life, but still there is so much left that is soothing and provides positive reasons for us to keep living. 

Question 02. What are some of the different words and images used in the poem that convey the emotion of loss?

Answer:  Death, suffering, hate, despair, war, roars of gun, cannon boom, and nightmares are the words which convey the loss of emotions. 

Question 03. In the poem “In spite of war”, there are several examples of personification. Identify two examples of personification: explain what is being personified and how in each example.

Answer: In the poem “In spite of war”, there are several examples of personification, but the two examples are as under:

When pansies lift their eyes to mine.

Tulips are tripping down the path.

The clouds are romping with the sea

In these examples, the poetess has given human qualities to non-human things.

Question 04. Make a list of the words that tell you about the tone of the poem and explain how those words tell us what the tone is. Use Examples from the poem to back up your reasoning. 

Answer: The poem is full of inspiration and hope. The tone is optimistic. The poetess says that despite the war and destruction, nature still provides us reasons to keep living. The cycle of life still continues like normal. The words like laugh, courage, sing, rejoice, blooming of flowers, glory, and gardens tell us about the tone of the poem.

Question 05. What is the theme of the poem?

Answer: The main theme of the poem is hope and courage. The poetess encourages us to look at the beauty around us rather than focus on the negative aspect of our lives. She says that in spite of war & other negative things, life continues as nothing was happening.


  1.  Write the Summary of the poem.

Answer:  In this poem, Angela Morgan was describing the relationship between the devastating war and the positive role of nature. She was emphasizing on the bare fact that though war cast a horrible impact on the lives of the people but the things in nature did not bother about all the devastating effects of war. In spite of war, there was still some positivity breathing in the souls of the people that made them feel good and relax. This was just due to the elements of nature that were present around us with all their beauty and warmth.

Although it was the time of hatred and death, suffering and bearing, harshness and bitterness, still the flowers did not forget to bloom, the gardens never said goodbye to their beauty and charm. The clouds were still roaming, the energetic waves of the sea were still there to welcome the guests. All the elements of nature were stimulating a positive light and warmth in the distressed souls of the war-stricken mankind

  1. Paraphrase the following stanza

                “Courage! The morning-glory saith;

                    “Rejoice” the daisy murmureth

                    And just to live is to so divine

                    When pansies lift their eyes to mine 


This stanza has been taken from the poem “In spite of War” written by Angela Morgan.
This poem has the element of motivation that one should not feel distressed under the bitter circumstances of war. Rather than that, people should think and feel positive by looking at and cherishing the beauty of nature that was spread around them. People should take inspiration from flowers, clouds, sea waves that did not take care of the devastating effects of the war but were blooming and roaming with all their beauty.Paraphrase:
The morning glory said that one should face all the stressed moments with courage and bravery. Similarly, the daisy murmured that one should rejoice and cherish. The moment when the pansies looked at me by lifting their eyes, they gave a message that one should love to live his life to the fullest as it is a divine blessing for which we must always be thankful.

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