English Keys Notes: 10th Class Chapter 03

Question 01. What is the theme of the poem?

Answer: This is an inspirational and motivational poem. It tells us that we should always keep the hopes high. We should dream big and we should never let our dreams die. The basic theme of this poem is motivation and it encourages us to keep working hard to fulfil our dreams. 

Question 02. How important do you think dreams are? Explain.

Answer: Dreams are the most important factors of life. Without dreams, life is like a broken-winged bird who cannot fly. According to the poet, a life without dreams is like a barren land. Dreams fill our life with purpose and success. 

Question 03. Identify an example of a word or phrase that is repeated in the poem and explain why poet makes this repetition?

Answer: The poet has repeated the phrase “Hold fast to dreams”. He has repeated this line to create a poetic effect in the poem and to emphasize the importance of dreams in a man’s life. 

Question 04. Identify an example of personification. Explain what is being personified and how?

Answer: When the poet is advising his readers to hold fast to dreams, he says “For if dreams die” he personifies dreams. Dreams are not humans but poet talks about the possibility of death of dreams. This is called personification. 

Question 05. Identify lines containing metaphor. What ideas are being conveyed by these metaphors?

Answer: The poet has used metaphors at two places while talking about dreams. In the first stanza, he compares life with a broken-winged bird and in the second stanza he compares life with a barren field. With these metaphors, he wants to tell how meaningless life is without dreams.

Question 06. List the alliterative words from the poem “Dreams”.

Answer: The occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words is called alliteration. The alliterative words used in this poem are

  1. Broken winged birds.
  2. Dreams die
  3. Field frozen with snow 

Question 07. How is imagery used in this poem?

Answer: The poet creates images to explain his thoughts. The words like ‘frozen with snow’, ‘barren field’, broken winged bird’ are fine examples of imagery. 

Question 08. What is the mood of this poem? How does it make you feel?

Answer: The mood of the poem is very hopeful and optimistic. The poet wants to give hope and positivity to his readers. He wants his readers to stay strong and keep working hard to achieve their goals in life. 


  1.  Keeping in view the main points of persuasive essay, write an essay having a thesis statement: “A dream doesn’t become reality through magic; it takes sweat, determination and hard work.”

Answer: A dream doesn’t become reality through magic; it takes sweat, determination and hard work to achieve glory, success and eternal respect in the society .Life is not a bed of roses. Only those enjoy glory and success who work hard. From prophets to common men, from elephants to ants, struggle and hard work is the only way that leads towards peace, success and respect. Prophet Muhammad SAW was the beloved most prophet of Allah. Even he had to struggle and do a lot of hard work to convey the message of Allah. All the great men were not born great. They achieved the greatness through constant struggle, and hard work. Paulo Coelho says, “When you want something, All the universe conspire in helping you to achieve it”. Allah Almighty says in Quran, “ لیس للانسان الا ما سعی”, man only gets what he struggles after. 

Nature doesn’t grant any favors. It is neutral and it only grants glory to those who work hard and maintain a practical approach to achieve their goals. There are no shortcuts in life. Quaid e Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah worked day and night to become a barrister. Then he worked with same passion to get a separate homeland for his countrymen. All the great men were great because they believed in their potential, dreamt big and kept working hard to achieve their targets. If we want to be successful, we can only become successful with constant struggle and hard work because God only help those who help themselves. 

  1.  Research the life of a famous person who faced obstacles during his/her life. Describe the obstacles and how the person overcame them.

Answer: Muneeba Mazari is a famous motivational speaker and human rights activist in Pakistan. She lost her legs and ability to sit straight in a fatal accident when she was young. She stayed bed-ridden for at least two years. The doctors were hopeless about her recovery but she survived on her will power. After her recovery from the injuries, she became a spokeswoman for the disable people and started social activism. She became the National Ambassador for UN Women Pakistan after being shortlisted in the 100 Inspirational Women of 2015 by BBC. She also made it to the Forbes 30 under 30 list for 2016. She started painting when she was on her hospital bed. With the slogan, Let Your Walls Wear Colours, she created her own art brand called Muniba’s Canvas. She is also listed as one of 500 most influential Muslims. From her life, we learn that if someone holds on to dreams, nothing can stop that person to be successful in life. 


Stanza 1:

Hold fast to dreams

For if dreams die

Life is a broken-winged bird

That cannot fly.

Paraphrase: Stick firmly to your dreams in life because if dreams die, life becomes a broken-winged weak bird that cannot fly in the air. Her life becomes hopeless and boring.

Stanza 2:

Hold fast to dreams

For when dreams go

Life is a barren field

Frozen with snow.Paraphrase: Stick fast to your dreams because when dreams go away, life becomes a barren or unproductive field, frozen with snow which is not able to produce any kind of vegetables or any other crops.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *